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Massimo Botto

Massimo Botto is Director of Research at the Institute of Cultural Heritage Sciences (ISPC) of the National Research Council, where he has been working since 2001. He is a consultant to various universities in Italy and Spain for the evaluation of international research projects. She is a specialist in Phoenician and Punic civilisation, as regards aspects relating to material culture, the economy, trade and strategies for approaching the territory in a pre-colonial and colonial context, with particular attention to relations with the indigenous world. Her privileged geographical areas of research are Sardinia, the Iberian Peninsula and Tunisia, where she has conducted archaeological excavations, surveys and wide-ranging studies on the dynamics of approach and territorial exploitation initiated by the Phoenicians. He has also repeatedly developed the contacts of the Phoenician world with the populations of the Tyrrhenian peninsular Italy during the so-called Orientalizing Period (late 8th - early 6th centuries BC). In Sardinia he has participated in excavations at the sanctuary-tofet, the settlement and the necropolis of Monte Sirai, at the same time conducting surveys and territorial studies. On the central Mediterranean island, she has also conducted excavations and prospections at Nora and Pani Loriga. For the latter site he is responsible for the annual excavation and prospecting missions that have been carried out regularly since October 2005. Since 2015 he has been the CNR head of the archaeological mission to the sanctuary-tofet of Althiburos, in Tunisia, in which he has participated since 2006, first as director of the prospections undertaken in the area and since 2009 as director-archaeologist of the excavation. In 2013 he organised in Sardinia, together with colleagues Peter van Dommelen (Brown University, USA) and Andrea Roppa (University of Leicester, U.K.), an International Conference entitled: "Sardinia and the 5th century problem". He is Director of the Collection of Phoenician Studies (Rome), and is on the Scientific Committee of Spal (Seville); Menga. Revista de Prehistoria de Andalucia (Junta de Andalucia); Onoba. Revista de Arqueología y Antigüedad (Huelva) and Albahri. Revista Independiente de Estudios Históricos. As a Foreign Member he is a member of the Centro de Estudios Fenicios y Púnicos (CEFYP) based in Madrid. As a contract professor of "Phoenician-Punic Archaeology" he has taught at the University of Urbino (2001-2004), the University "Federico II" of Naples (2004-2009) and the Second University of Naples (2010-2011). The results of his work are represented by about 100 publications in Italian, English, French and Spanish. Among the most significant are: the monograph "Studi storici sulla Fenicia. L'VIII e il VII sec. a.C:", Pisa 1990 and the manual written with S.F. Bondì, G. Garbati and I. Oggiano "Fenici e Cartagini. Oggiano "Fenici e Cartaginesi. Una civiltà mediterranea', Rome 2009. He has recently edited the publication in the Collection of Phoenician Studies of the volumes: Los fenicios en la Bahía de Cádiz. Nuevas investigaciones (Pisa-Roma 2014) and De Huelva a Malaka. Los fenicios en Andalucía a la luz de los descubrimientos más recientes (Rome 2018).


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